World Ocean Day
- This day is observed annually on June 8 to make people aware of the negative impact of human activities such as garbage disposal, sewage, oil leaks from ships and drilling station accidents.
- The theme for this year is “The Ocean: Life and Livelihoods.”
- On June 8, 1992, at the Earth Summit, the Oceans Institute of Canada proposed the idea of the observance of this day.
Importance of Oceans:
- Oceans cover 71% of the Earth’s surface and hold 97% of the planet’s water.
- They help feed the world and provide most of the oxygen.
- A variety of life-saving medicinal compounds, including anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer drugs have been discovered in the oceans.
- The ocean is vital to the world’s economy, with more than 90% of trade using sea routes and as a source of jobs for millions of people.
- They play a key role in regulating the weather and climate.
Threats to Oceans:
- Pollution, overfishing, invasive species, and rising ocean acidity due to the extensive use of fossil fuels.
- Plastic waste is also one of the biggest threats faced by the oceans."