World Mental Health Day

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World Mental Health Day

  • It is an international day celebrated annually on October 10 for global mental health education, awareness and advocacy against social stigma.
  • It was first celebrated in 1992 at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health.
  • This year's theme is 'mental health in an unequal world.'
  • The causes of psychological disorders can be clubbed into two main categories: Biological and Psychosocial.

  • Biological causes include factors such as heredity, medical conditions including neurological and endocrinological conditions and infectious diseases, instances of substance abuse in the family.

  • Most psychological disorders run in families. If one family has a psychological disorder, the chances of other family members having psychological disorders increases. Many medical conditions are linked to mental health issues, these include Parkinson's disease, dementia, stroke, endocrinological conditions such as thyroid and diabetes, other medical conditions as well as certain infections.

Mental Health can manifest themselves in these forms:

  1. Sleep disturbances: Some people may have increased sleep, while some might have increased sleep

  2. Appetite: Some might eat less, however, many might eat more. Stress eating is extremely common, particularly, sweets and chocolates

  3. Mood Disturbance: Persistent sadness, persistent anxiety, dip in energy levels, irritable behaviour, easily triggered, easy fatigue, overthinking, negative thinking, crying spells

  4. Attention deficit, confusion, inability to take the decision

  5. Suicidal thoughts in more severe cases

  6. Heart palpitations

  7. Vague aches and pains in the body

  8. Headaches

  9. Gastrointestinal problems such as acidity, burning, bloating, nausea, pain in the upper abdominal area, diarrhoea and constipation

  10. Difficulty in breathing

  11. Suffocation