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UNHRC asked to look at Israel’s human rights record

UNHRC asked to look at Israel’s human rights record

  • Member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation are calling on the UN Human Rights Council to set up a permanent commission to report on human rights violations in Israel, Gaza, and the West Bank.
  • If passed, it would mark an unprecedented level of scrutiny authorised by the UN’s top human rights body.


  • The Council was created by the United Nations General Assembly in 2006.
  • It replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
  • The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) serves as the Secretariat of the Human Rights Council.
  • OHCHR is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.


  • The UNHRC has 47 members serving at any time with elections held to fill up seats every year, based on allocations to regions across the world to ensure geographical representation.
  • Each elected member serves for a term of three years.
  • Countries are disallowed from occupying a seat for more than two consecutive terms.
  • The Council’s Membership is based on equitable geographical distribution. Seats are distributed as follows:
African States13 seats
Asia-Pacific States13 seats
Latin American and Caribbean States8 seats
Western European and other States7 seats
Eastern European States6 seats


  • The UNHRC passes non-binding resolutions on human rights issues through a periodic review of all 193 UN member states called the Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
  • It oversees the expert investigation of violations in specific countries (Special Procedures).