NPR slips valid for long-term visas
- Union Home Ministry has clarified that migrants belonging to 6 non-Muslim minority communities from Afghanistan, Pakistan & Bangladesh, while applying for long-term visas (LTVs), can also produce National Population Register (NPR) enrolment slips as proof of the duration of their stay in India.
- The six communities are Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists and Parsis.
- For foreigners of non-Indian origin, a longer-term visa is classed as one that permits the holder to stay in India for longer than 180 days (six months) continuously.
- The main visas that provide this are the Employment, Entry, and Student visas.
Benefits of LTV:
- People belonging to minority communities from neighbouring countries having LTVs are allowed to purchase a small house for their family and can even establish a business.
- They are eligible to obtain an Aadhaar card, PAN card, and driving licences.
- The LTV also allows them to buy property.
National Population Register (NPR)
NPR is a register of usual residents linked with location particulars down to the village level and is updated periodically “to incorporate the changes due to birth, death, and migration”.
The NPR was first compiled in 2010 simultaneously with the decadal Census exercise and later updated in 2015.
The next phase of the NPR, expected to include contentious questions on date and place of birth of father and mother, last place of residence, and mother tongue.
The next phase was to be simultaneously updated with the 2021 House Listing and Housing Census but has been indefinitely postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- There are four ways in which Indian citizenship can be acquired: birth, descent, registration, and naturalisation.
- The provisions are listed under the Citizenship Act, 1955.
Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA):
- The amendment provides that the Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, who entered India on or before December 31, 2014, will not be treated as illegal migrants.
- For these groups of persons, the 11 years’ requirement will be reduced to five years.