Monsoon session to begin in July
- The monsoon session of Parliament is expected to begin on schedule in July.
- The last session of Parliament was curtailed and ended sine die on March 25 and under the Constitutional norms, the next session has to be held within six months.
- Article 85 requires that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament.
- Three sessions have been curtailed since the pandemic began in March last year.
- The power to convene a session of Parliament rests with the government.
- The decision is taken by the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs.
Importance of Parliamentary Session:
- Law-making is dependent on when Parliament meets.
- Also, thorough scrutiny of the government’s functioning and deliberation on national issues can only take place when the two Houses are in session.
- Predictability in the functioning of Parliament is key to a well-functioning democracy.
- The process of calling all members of the Parliament to meet is called Summoning of Parliament.
- It is the President who summons Parliament.
There are typically three sessions in a year which are as follows:
1. Budget session (February to May)
- The Budget is usually presented on the last working day of the month of February.
- Here, the members discuss the various provisions of the budget and matters concerning taxation, after the Finance Minister presents the budget.
- The budget session is generally split into two periods with a gap of one month between them.
- This session every year starts with the President’s Address to both Houses.
2. Monsoon session (July to September)
- This is after a break of two months after the budget session.
- In this session, matters of public interest are discussed.
3. Winter session (November to December)
- It is the shortest session of all.
- It takes up the matters that could not be considered upon earlier and makes up for the absence of legislative business during the second session of the Parliament.