Indian Navy to commission submarine INS Vela
- The Indian Navy will commission INS Vela, its fourth stealth Scorpene class submarine under Project 75.
- INS Vela will boost Indian Navy combat capability.
- The submarine is seen as a major shot in the arm for the Indian Navy’s strength and capability.
- INS Vela, the diesel-electric submarine known to have advanced stealth and combat capabilities.
- The submarine has been built by Mumbai-based Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd in collaboration with M/s Naval Group of France.
- The new 'Vela' is a potent man o' war and is capable of offensive operations that span across the entire spectrum of maritime warfare.
- The indigenously-built warship is packed with an array of missiles and anti-submarine rockets.
- Scorpene-class submarines can undertake multifarious missions such as anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, area surveillance, etc.
- They are designed to operate in all theatres with the means to ensure interoperability.
- The state-of-the-art technology used in the construction of Scorpene-class submarines has ensured improved stealth features.
- The features include advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, hydro-dynamically optimised shape, and the ability to launch an attack using precision-guided weapons.
- Attacks can be carried out using both torpedoes as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles at the same time, underwater or on the surface.
- Project 75 India (P75I) is part of a 30-year submarine building plan that ends in 2030.
- As part of this plan, India was to build 24 submarines — 18 conventional submarines and six nuclear-powered submarines (SSNs) — as an effective deterrent against China and Pakistan.
- Project 75 includes construction of six submarines of Scorpene design.
- Three of these submarines - Kalvari, Khanderi, Karanj - have already been commissioned.
- The first, INS Kalvari, was launched in October 2015 and commissioned in December 2017, five years behind schedule.
- INS Khanderi, the second, was commissioned in September 2019 after its launch in January 2017 for trials.
- The third, INS Karanj, was launched in January 2018 and commissioned on March 10, 2021.
- INS Vagir, The fifth one, was launched in November 2020 and has commenced harbour trials and expected to go for its first surface sortie in December.
- INS Vagsheer, the sixth submarine, is in the advanced stage of outfitting.
What is Submarine?
- A submarine is a type of ship that can travel both above and below the surface of the sea.
- Currently, India has 15 conventional diesel-electric submarines and one nuclear ballistic submarine.