India flays raising Bilateral issues at SCO
- Raising bilateral issues is counterproductive to the spirit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and should be condemned, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar said while delivering a speech virtually at the 20th meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of Government
- Pakistan has been raising the Kashmir issue on this platform since 2017.
- Both India and Russia have urged Islamabad not to raise such bilateral matters repeatedly.
- The SCO Charter sealed in 2002 calls for “peaceful settlement” of conflicts and disputes among member states
About Shanghai Cooperation Organization:
- It is a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation.
- It was established by the leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan
- It began as the Shanghai Five in 1996 and was rechristened as the SCO in 2001.
- The SCO entered into force on 19 September 2003.
- Its secretariat is situated in Shanghai, China.
Aim of SCO is to establish cooperation between member nations on:
- Security-related concerns
- Resolving border issues
- Military cooperation
- Intelligence sharing
- Countering terrorism
- Countering American influence in Central Asia
Members of SCO:
- Apart from the founding members(China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan), Uzbekistan joined the group later as a permanent member.
- India and Pakistan joined in 2017and are the newest inclusion to the Organisation
Observers in SCO:
- The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,The Republic of Belarus,The Islamic Republic of Iran and Mongolia
Heads of State Council of SCO:
- It is the supreme decision making body in the SCO.
- It meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organization
Permanent bodies of Organisation:
- the Secretariat based in Beijing
- the Executive committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent
Summits of SCO:
- These are being held once a year and decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation are adopted
Significance of SCO for India:
- It is being seen as an eastern counterbalance to NATO. With India being its member, it will allow the country to push effective action in combating terrorism and on issues related to security.