Delhi govt. starts spraying bio-decomposer in farms
- The Delhi government has started spraying bio-decomposer solution in farmlands to decompose the stubble left after harvest.
- A bio-decomposer capsule, developed by Pusa Institute, is made into a solution through a week-long process, and this solution can decompose straw and stubble into manure.
- Pusa Decomposer is a mix of seven fungi that produce enzymes to digest cellulose, lignin and pectin in paddy straw.
- The fungi thrive at 30-32 degree Celsius, which is the temperature prevailing when paddy is harvested and wheat is sown.
Usage of Bio-Decomposer in the field:
- A liquid formulation is formed using decomposer capsules and fermenting it over 8-10 days and then spraying the mixture on fields with crop stubble to ensure speedy bio-decomposition of the stubble.
- The farmers can prepare 25 litre of liquid mixture with 4 capsules, jaggery and chickpea flour. The mixture is sufficient to cover 1 hectare of land.
- It takes around 20 days for the degradation process to be completed.
Benefits of PUSA decomposers:
- Improves the fertility and productivity of the soil as the stubble works as manure and compost for the crops and lesser fertiliser consumption is required in the future.
- It is an efficient and effective, cheaper, doable and practical technique to stop stubble burning.
- It is an eco-friendly and environmentally useful technology."