China sends 25 fighter planes toward Taiwan on National Day
- China sent 25 fighter jets toward self-ruled Taiwan in a large display of force on China's National Day i.e., 01st October .
- The People's Liberation Army flew 18 J-16 fighter jets as well as two H-6 bombers, among other planes.
China- Taiwan relations- Background:
- China has claimed Taiwan through its “one China” policy since the Chinese civil war forced the defeated Kuomintang, or Nationalist, to flee to the island in 1949 and has vowed to bring it under Beijing’s rule, by force if necessary.
- China is Taiwan’s top trading partner, with trade totaling $226 billion in 2018. Taiwan runs a large trade surplus with China.
- While Taiwan is self-governed and de facto independent, it has never formally declared independence from the mainland.
- Under the “one country, two systems” formula, Taiwan would have the right to run its own affairs; a similar arrangement is used in Hong Kong.
- Taiwan is a member of the World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and Asian Development Bank under various names.
- The One China policy is the recognition in the US of the long-held position in Beijing that there is only one China, and Taiwan is part of that.
- Any country wishing to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing must acknowledge there is only “One China” and sever all formal ties with Taiwan.
- As a part of the policy, Washington maintains a robust, non-official relationship with Taiwan, including continued arms sales to the island.
- The One China policy is also different from the “One China principle”, which is the principle that insists both Taiwan and mainland China are inalienable parts of a single “China”.
Indo- Taiwan relations:
- Although they do not have formal diplomatic ties, Taiwan and India have been cooperating in various fields.
- India has refused to endorse the “one-China” policy since 2010.