Barbados has become the world’s newest republic

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Barbados has become the world’s newest republic

  • Nearly 400 years after the country became a British colony, Barbados has become the world’s newest republic.
  • The Caribbean island nation removed Queen Elizabeth II as the head of the state in a ceremony attended by Prince Charles.
  • Dame Sandra Prunella Mason, who was selected to become the first president of Barbados last month, took over as the President of the country.
  • Barbados, which is said to have been made a ‘slave society’ by the British, first became an English colony when a ship arrived at the Caribbean in 1625.
  • On November 30, 1966, Barbados gained its independence.
  • Barbados, however, will continue to be one of the 54 Commonwealth nations.


  • It is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of the Americas, and the most easterly of the Caribbean Islands.
  • It is 34 kilometres (21 miles) in length and up to 23 km (14 mi) in width, covering an area of 432 km2 (167 sq mi).
  • Capital: Bridgetown

Barbados preparation to become a Republic

  • While the decision to become a Republic is as recent as last year for Barbados, the island has been thinking about the move for decades.
  • In 1979, the Cox Commission to attest to the feasibility of the republican system in Barbados was set up.
  • The commission, however, had concluded that the public wished to remain under the system of constitutional monarchy.
  • In 1998, a constitutional committee had recommended that the country adopt the republican status and end the monarchy.
  • In 2003, Barbados changed its final court of appeal from the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council to the Caribbean Court of Justice.
  • On the 50th independence day in 2016, Freundel Stuart, the then prime minister of Barbados, had said that it was time to move from “a monarchical system to a republican form of government”
  • On 30 November 2021, Mason replaced Queen Elizabeth as head of state, with Barbados transitioning to a republic.